Martijn is a Partner at Park 56 and has over 20 years of scholarly publishing and bio-medical research experience. He did his PhD in Basel, Switzerland. Martijn is driven by a huge curiosity for technology and is an expert in building bridges between start-ups and corporates. He is the driving force behind the partnership between The Next Web and Park 56.
Guest Post by Martijn Roelandse, Park 56
In 2017, I had the pleasure of attending the STM Tech Trends workshop. This workshop invites around 30 colleagues from around the publishing world to come together and predict the future of scholarly publishing. That year, we tried to imagine what challenges we would face in 2022. Some of the questions in the area of Research Integrity were “Can AI help to find the flaws in science”, “Detect fraud and error”, and in Smart Services, we found “AI for Peer Review”, and “Computer generated hypothesis”. Despite not having a glass bowl, it was a good year to predict the future and see where we are now.
On November 22, 2022, OpenAI was introduced to the world. It did stir some wrinkles. We were confronted with questions like, “What are the ethical challenges for using ChatGPT in medical publishing? Can AI help for scientific writing, or should we ban listing ChatGPT as co-authors on papers?”
The best starting point is to ask where we currently see AI in scholarly publishing. Right now, AI technologies have the potential to play a pivotal role in various aspects of the research cycle.
Tools for research and analysis, such as the AI Search Engine for Scientific Experimentation by Bioz, contribute to enhanced exploration and understanding. Platforms like TetraScience facilitate easier and faster access to centralized cloud-based data, optimizing scientific data workflows. Automation through tools like BIT.AI increases data integrity and traceability by automating manual processes. Additionally, systems like Iris.ai offer features like smart search and filter, reading list analysis, autonomous extraction and systematizing of data. Finally, resources like Resolute.AI enables researchers to simultaneously search aggregated scientific, regulatory, and business databases.
Article Writing and Submission
Most by now are aware of the advantages AI can offer when it comes to writing most styles of short text or improving existing texts of any length. Resources like Writefull, Trinka, Paperpal and Scholarcy can aid in flagging missing citations, providing language feedback, generating titles and paraphrasing sentences.
When preparing a manuscript for submission, AI can screen and ensure the quality of scholarly work. Penelope.ai, for example, is designed to screen manuscripts upon submission as an initial layer of evaluation. Supporting the Peer Review process, SciScore offers tools for method checking to assess how research methodologies are being applied. To uphold the integrity of scientific images, tools like ImageTwin and Proofig are employed for thorough image checking. Additionally, Statcheck helps verify the proper use of statistics in manuscripts.
When undergoing the Peer Review process, there are several resources that can ensure academic integrity. Turnitin, a well-renowned plagiarism detector, and Copyleaks aids in maintaining the originality of submissions. At a larger scale, tools like STM Integrity Hub and Clear Skies specialize in detecting papermill activities. Scite.ai also serves as a valuable tool for identifying retracted references and highlighting any editorial concerns such as corrections. Related to these tools, globalcampus.ai provides Peer Reviewer recommendations and facilitates the selection of qualified individuals for rigorous evaluation of manuscripts.
The general aims for using AI technologies in the scientific writing process ultimately come down to these four features:
- Help authors with writing their paper and reduce time to submission for authors
- Automate the screening process
- Decrease manual checks
- Streamline Peer Review by aiding peer reviewers with helpful information
The Ongoing Dynamics in the World of AI
The launch of ChatGPT clearly stirred the waters of scholarly publishing, and the dust hasn’t settled yet. Whilst ChatGPT may well be used in some way or form in writing, Turnitin has already caught up and will be able to detect the use of it in text soon. However, other tools don’t write as much as ChatGPT but still offer the service, e.g. Writefull, Scholarcy, Quillbot. Their work isn’t detected (yet).
Will there be a red line determining how far you can use AI for writing? We should be asking ourselves, at the end of the day, if AI has a negative impact on the content, writers and readers. Consider that past research has shown that articles written in correct English increases the chance for citations and downloads–AI is an obvious solution for researchers whose English needs improvement. Also consider that in Pharma, ghostwriters are often hired to produce high-quality text, bearing a striking resemblance with the role ChatGPT has and continues to play.
Time will determine how our relationship develops with AI in the publishing world. It is crucial that we, of course, are cautious in our application of these tools, but also remain open to their potential to transform the landscape of scientific information as we know it.